Cancer Cell Biology

What is Cancer?

Cancer is caused while cells accumulate with genetic mutations anywhere in a body and begin to multiply in an uncontrolled manner. Those abnormal cells are termed cancer cells.

How cancer begins

Cells (building blocks of life) are the basic and smallest units of life that make up the human body. The study of cells is called cell biology. Cells multiply and grow to make new cells as the body requires them. Normally, cells die and disappear when they become too old or faded. Then, new cells generate and take their place. Cancer occurs while genetic mutations prevent with this exact manner. Cells begin to rise uncontrollably or divide relentlessly. Certain cells may create a mass called a tumor. These abnormal cells are termed cancerous cells or tumor cells. The tumor can be cancerous or benign.

The cancerous tumor (malignant) It can grow quickly and spread to different sections of the body.

A benign tumor: This is also known as non-cancerous tumor it grow but will not spread. Several benign tumors are not dangerous to human well-being. Some kinds of carcinoma do not create a tumor. Those introduce leukemias, most kinds of lymphoma, and myeloma.

Types of cancer

Four main types of cancer are:

1. Carcinomas: A carcinoma starts in the surface of the epidermis (skin) or the tissue that coats the surface of interior organs and glands. Carcinomas ordinarily produce solid tumors. They are the most regular type of cancer. Below are some examples of carcinomas;

2. Sarcomas A sarcoma occurs in the connective tissues that support and unite the body. A sarcoma can occur in fat, muscles, tissues, ligaments, bones or blood vessels.

3. Leukemia. Leukemia is a broader group of tumors and affected by an excess formation of damaged white blood cells and usually occur in the bone marrow. Leukemia begins when healthy blood cells change and grow uncontrollably and mutated.

The four main types of leukemia are

  • Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML)
  • Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) 

4. LymphomasA lymphoma is a group of blood cancer that starts in the lymphocytes. The lymphatic system is a network of vessels and glands that help in infection-fighting cells of the immune system. There are two main types of lymphomas:

Hodgkin lymphoma  (HL)

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL)

There are many other types of cancer. Learn more about these other types of cancers.

Cancer Cell Biology

Recognition and understanding the process of cells,  how cancer grows and progresses, including how gene mutations make the growth and spread of cancer cells, and how tumors communicate and interact with their enclosing circumstances and the surrounding environment, is essential for the identification of new targeted cancer treatments.

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